Iron-Deficiency Anemia. Iron deficiency anaemia is anaemia that occurs when the body is deficient in iron. A person with anaemia has fewer red blood cells (RBCs) than average. This is because Haemoglobin, a protein that transports oxygen throughout the body, is found in RBCs. The body needs iron to make Haemoglobin (HEE-much-glo-bin). Therefore, anaemia is caused by a lack of iron, resulting in less Haemoglobin and fewer red blood cells.
Anaemia is generally improved by taking iron supplements.
What are the indications and symptoms of anaemia due to iron deficiency?
First, children with iron deficiency anaemia may have no symptoms. When symptoms occur, the child may:
Get very tired
Getting tired quickly from exercise.
Dizziness or lightheadedness
There is a fast heartbeat
There are developmental delays and behavioural problems
Want to eat ice or non-food items (called cooked)
What causes iron-deficiency anaemia?
Iron deficiency anaemia can occur when:
One problem is how the body absorbs iron (as in celiac disease).
Someone has anaemia due to an injury, heavy menstruation, or bleeding in the intestines.
No one gets enough iron in their diet. It can be in:
Babies who drink a lot of cow’s milk are given cow’s milk before one year.
Vegetarians are iron-deficient since they do not consume meat. Breastfed babies who do not receive iron supplements.
The children were given a formula with less iron.
Babies born prematurely or too young may need more iron than formula or breast milk.
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How is iron-deficiency anaemia diagnosed?
Doctors can usually diagnose iron-deficiency anaemia:
Asking questions about symptoms
Asking about food
I was getting information about the patient’s medical history.
Getting a blood test:
Using a microscope, examine the red blood cells. Check the amount of Haemoglobin and iron in the blood.
Check out how fast new RBCs are being formed.
Get other blood tests done to rule out different types of blood.
How is iron-deficiency anaemia treated?
Doctors treat iron deficiency anaemia with iron supplements taken as a liquid or pill for three months. To help the body absorb iron:
Iron should not be taken with antacids, milk, or tea since these substances interfere with the body’s capacity to absorb iron. Instead, take iron before meals (unless it upsets the stomach).
A person with severe anaemia may have an iron or blood transfusion via the IV (intravenous) line.
When iron deficiency anaemia is caused by something other than iron deficiency in the diet, treatment may include:
Treatment for anaemia during heavy menstruation
lowering the amount of cow’s milk consumed treatment of an underlying disease
How can parents help?
If your child has iron-deficiency anaemia:
Make sure your child takes iron supplements precisely as recommended.
Include foods rich in iron in the family diet. Good sources of iron include:
Cereals stronger than iron
Lean meat, poultry and fish.
Serve fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C or a glass of orange juice at mealtime. It helps absorb iron.
If your child is a vegetarian, talk to a dietitian or your doctor. They may recommend food to help your child get enough iron.
To help prevent iron deficiency anaemia in young children:
Cow’s milk should not be given to youngsters under the age of one year. In children over one year of age, limit cow’s milk to less than 2 cups a day. Giving them more can make them feel fuller and reduce their iron-rich foods.
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